Nanotech 2008 Vol. 3
Nanotech 2008 Vol. 3
Nanotechnology 2008: Microsystems, Photonics, Sensors, Fluidics, Modeling, and Simulation - Technical Proceedings of the 2008 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 3

Computational Nanoscience Chapter 6

Molecular Simulation of the Nanoscale Water Confined between an Atomic Force Microscope Tip and a Surface

Authors: H.J. Choi, J.Y. Kim, S.D. Hong, M.Y. Ha, and J. Jang

Affilation: Pusan National University, Korea

Pages: 693 - 696

Keywords: water meniscus, capillary force, adhesion, AFM, molecular dynamics simulation, density profile, contact angle

Under ambient humidity, water condenses as a meniscus between an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip and a surface, giving rise to a strong capillary force on the tip. We performed a molecular dynamics simulation of the nano-confined water meniscus. We studied the effects of the tip and surface hydrophilicity on the meniscus structure. By changing the tip-surface distance, we have simulated the formation, shrinkage, and breakage of the water meniscus. The nanometer meniscus substantially fluctuates in its periphery due to its instability, in agreement with our previous lattice gas simulation. We obtained the density profile and contact angle of the meniscus. By using these structural parameters, we calculated the capillary force between the tip and surface. Our calculation reproduced the typical behavior of the experimental force-distance curve.

ISBN: 978-1-4200-8505-1
Pages: 940
Hardcopy: $159.95