Nanotech 2002 Vol. 2
Nanotech 2002 Vol. 2
Technical Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Computational Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Nanoscale Modeling for Condensed-Matter Phenomena Chapter 13

The Electroreduction of Hydrogen on Pt(111)

Authors: N. Marzari, L. Blum and R. Car

Affilation: University of Puerto Rico, United States

Pages: 334 - 337

Keywords: fuel cells, generalized gradient PW91, Density Functional, electrode processes, surface reactions

The electroreduction of hydrogen on Pt(111) in acidic media is the primary fuel cell reaction. The explicit mechanism for this process involves a first order phase transition, which is due to the rotation of the water dipole as the electric field is changed. For positive electrodes the water forms linear 'polywater' chains that run between the adsorbed bisulfate ions. This phase is seen by STM experiments. When the electrode turns negative, then a honeycomb structure is formed by the reaction H3O+ + H20 = H5O2+. The structure of this intermediate compound is studied using high accuracy generalized gradient PW91 calculations for a 5 layer Pt slab.

ISBN: 0-9708275-6-3
Pages: 504