Nanotech 2001 Vol. 2
Nanotech 2001 Vol. 2
Technical Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Computational Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Computational Materials Chapter 6

Electronic Transport in Molecular Devices from First Principles

Authors: M. Di Ventra, N.D. Lang and S.T. Pantelides

Affilation: Virginia Tech, United States

Pages: 137 - 140

Keywords: transport, first-principles calculations, molecular devices, resonant tunneling

We present an overview of recent work by the authors in first-principles calculations of electronic transport in molecules for which experimental results are available. We find that the shape of the current-voltage characteristics is mostly determined by the electronic structure of the molecules in the presence of the external voltage whereas the absolute magnitude of the current is determined by the chemistry of individual atoms at the contacts. A three-terminal device has been modeled, showing gain. Current-induced forces have been found to induce collective oscillations of the benzene-1,4-dithiolate molecule at resonant-tunneling condition. Finally, recent data that show large negative differential resistance and a peak that shifts substantially as a function of temperature have been accounted for.

ISBN: 0-9708275-3-9
Pages: 218