Boron is the basis of two novel technologies developed by Jefferson Lab. One is a boron based nanotube material capable of maintaining its unique properties in extreme environments and another is a construction material that uses the neutron shielding capability of boron for applications in nuclear power and radiation therapy. Jefferson Lab with NASA developed a process to fabricate high-quality nanotubes from boron nitride. These boron-nitride nanotubes maintain their strength in air to high temperatures (900Â°C), efficiently conduct heat but not electricity, can be made to be long and thin, are thought to be non-toxic to living tissues, and may be added to other materials to make composites with enhanced properties. A company called BNNT, LLC has spun off the technology. Additionally, Jefferson Lab has developed two new concrete construction materials designed to combine structural strength and shielding for neutrons and a new panel type material suitable for absorbing thermal neutrons. The panel material is intended to be mounted to a structural surface and is itself not load bearing. This material is made with a boron compound and an organic resin and can be cast into flat panels of other shapes.