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Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Multiple Biomedical Applications

H. Hofmann, A. Petri-Fink, B. Steitz, B. von Rechenberg, M. Hofmann and J. Juillerat
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, CH

SPION, drug delivery, transfection, particle up-take

Superparamagneticiron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) were mixed at various ratios with different polymer solutions to obtain SPION coated with PVA modified by functional groups (amino-SPION, carboxy-SPION, and thiol-SPION). Studying human melanoma cells by theses different functionalized SPION preparations, only the amino-PVA SPION demonstrated the capacity to be up-taken by, and not beeing cytotoxic to these cells. This uptake by melanoma cells was dependent on the amino-PVA to iron oxide ratio, as an active mechanism, and all cells in a culture internalized these SPION. Depending on the size and of the surface charge of the coated and derivatized particles, the up-take rate can be optimized. Best results are shown with a positive surface charge and a hydrodynamic size of 50 to 80 nm. Static as well as dynamic magnetic forces increase significantly the up-take rate. It could also be shown that these particles are useful tools in transfection as alternative to the viral vectors. Interestingly is to note, that the same particles generate heat, which can be. used e.g. for local hyperthermic treatment of tumor cells. Therefore, a multitasking including transport, transfection, heating and imaging with these superparamagnetic particles will be possible. Applications like magnetically target drug delivery, magnetofection and hyperthermic treatment will be discussed in detail.

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