Nano Science and Technology Institute
Nanotech 2013 Vol. 2
Nanotech 2013 Vol. 2
Nanotechnology 2013: Electronics, Devices, Fabrication, MEMS, Fluidics and Computational (Volume 2)
Chapter 3: MEMS & NEMS Devices & Applications

Fabrication of electrical microfluidic chip for electroporation of mammalian cells

Authors:M. Shahini, F.V. Wijngaarden, J.T.W. Yeow
Affilation:University of Waterloo, CA
Pages:154 - 157
Keywords:microfluidic channel, polyimide, laser ablation, CHO cell, electroporation, cell lysis
Abstract:The point of this paper is to demonstrate the use of a quick and cheap fabrication method to realize a laser-ablated microfluidic channel for single cell electroporation. Traditional lithography of microchannel with electrode in MEMS applications has always been complicated. Here, we introduce a new methodology of fabricating microchannel with electrical functionalities achieved through a straightforward process. In the present methodology, the microchannel pattern is cut out of polyimide, bonded to two ITO-coated substrates using Teflon as an adhesion layer. ITO as conductive material enables electric field in the channel and its optical transparency allows microscopy techniques to be utilized in characterizing the behavior of the microfluidic chip. The performance of the chip was tested on irreversible single-cell scale electroporation which requires relatively high voltages. CHO cells, as mammalian cells, were passed through the microchannel to experience electric field. Cells were loaded with a fluorogenic dye, Calcein AM, and the electroporation of each was individually recorded in real-time via fluorescent microscopy. The results show promising performance of the electric microchannel in electroporation. By customizing of ITO electrodes and microchannel pattern, utilization and integration of the proposed electrical microchannel in variety of other MEMS-based devices are achievable.
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