Nano Science and Technology Institute
Nanotech 2011 Vol. 3
Nanotech 2011 Vol. 3
Nanotechnology 2011: Bio Sensors, Instruments, Medical, Environment and Energy
Chapter 10: Solar Power & Renewable Technologies

Microwave-mediated Pyrolysis of Biomass

Authors:M.J. Gronnow, V.L. Budarin, J. Fan, P.S. Shuttleworth, D.J. MacQuarrie, J.H. Clark
Affilation:Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence, UK
Pages:679 - 682
Keywords:biomass, biomass conversion, bioenergy carriers, biochar, bio-oil, microwave, pyrolysis
Abstract:Biomass can be seen as the oil well of the future; a renewable, widely distributed resource that should be increasingly exploited for the production of heat and power, liquid fuels as well as chemicals and materials with substantial environmental, economic and social benefits. One method by which the bio-energy carriers and chemicals can be obtained is through pyrolysis. Pyrolysis is a feedstock agnostic technique capable of deconstructing biopolymers into more useful chemical, gas, bio-oil and bio-char products. This technology may increase the applicability of bio-renewables in power generation, transport fuels and chemicals for the growing sustainable market. Using microwave mediated pyrolysis we have found a number of advantages over conventional pyrolysis methods such as tuneability, lower process temperature and bio-oils with lower water and acid content.
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