Nano Science and Technology Institute
Nanotech 2011 Vol. 3
Nanotech 2011 Vol. 3
Nanotechnology 2011: Bio Sensors, Instruments, Medical, Environment and Energy
Chapter 10: Solar Power & Renewable Technologies

A Characteristic Analysis of Bio-ethanol produced on Fruit wastes for Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFC)

Authors:H. Kim, N. Lee, I. Cha, J. Choi
Affilation:Center for Organic Agrifood industrialization, KR
Pages:727 - 731
Keywords:direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC), bio-ethanol, ethanol standard, multi coloumn distilition
Abstract:This Study is aimed to produce bio-ethanol based on the fruit wastes and optimize the bio-ethanol production for a direct ethanol fuel cell(DEFC). Fruit wastes such as pear, apple, persimmon were used in the conditions of acid pre-treatment, at temperature 120oC, period of 90min. Hydrolysis rate of pear at concentration 3% is 11.3%(sulfuric acid), 14.1%(nitric acid), 15.5%(hydrochloric acid). After fermantaion process, concentration of ethanol was about 7%. Using the multi coloumn distillation system, more than 95% ethanol was distilled and each component analysis of bio-ethanol was resulted. The Bio fuel from this multi coloumn distillation method was corresponded with the international standards of Japan, U.S.A. and Brazil etc.. The impurity effects of formic acid for DEFC performence is also analyzed and evaluated.
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