Nanotech 2009 Vol. 2
Nanotech 2009 Vol. 2
Nanotechnology 2009: Life Sciences, Medicine, Diagnostics, Bio Materials and Composites

Environment, Water, Health, Safety and Society Chapter 7

Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of silver nanomaterials

Authors: B. Uyguy, M.D. Mason, A-K. Ng

Affilation: University of Southern Maine, United States

Pages: 383 - 386

Keywords: silver nanomaterials, cytotoxicity, genotoxicity

Abstract:
Summary We have investigated the cytotoxic effect of dialyzed silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs), PEGylated Ag NPs and silver nanorods on human cultured cells. The cytotoxicity of 24 h treatment with Ag NPs at 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 5 and 10 ug/cm2 were as follows: 97.5%, 91.7 %, 81.8 %, 27.8% and 24.7% relative survival, respectively, for umbilical vein endothelial cells HUVEC; 99%, 95.6%, 92%, 0.11 % and 0% relative survival, respectively, for T leukemia cell line JURKAT; and 97.3%, 96%, 87.5%, 65% and 51.8% relative survival, respectively, for human PBMC. The Ag NPs showed higher toxic effect at longer exposure time, 120 h: 63.7%, 57.63 %, 34.23 %, 1.03 % and 0 % relative survival were found in HUVEC treated with Ag NPs at 0.250, 0.5, 1.0, 5 and 10 ug/cm2 ,respectively. Such treatment resulted in no survival for JURKAT and B lymphoblastoid cell line RAJI. PEGylated Ag NPs appeared to be less toxic to JURKAT. Among the 3 types of silver nanomaterials, silver nanorods were found to have higher toxic effect on the human cell lines tested. Using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay we also demonstrate that Ag NPs can cause DNA damage in human peripheral blood cells. Topic area: Toxicology

Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of silver nanomaterials

ISBN: 978-1-4398-1783-4
Pages: 590
Hardcopy: $179.95