Nano Science and Technology Institute
Nanotech 2007 Vol. 4
Nanotech 2007 Vol. 4
Technical Proceedings of the 2007 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 4
Chapter 1: Nanoscale Characterization

Nanoparticle Formation in Supercritical Fluids – The World’s First Real Time In-situ Investigation

Authors:H. Jensen, M. Bremholm, R.P. Nielsen, K.D. Joensen, Y-S Chen, J. Almer, E.G. Søgaard, B.B. Iversen and S.B. Iversen
Affilation:SCF-Technologies, DK
Pages:13 - 15
Keywords:nanoparticles, supercritical, in-situ, WAXS, SAXS
Abstract:In this study the world’s first real time in-situ simultaneous small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and wide angle x-ray scattering (WAXS) characterization of supercritical nanoparticle formation was performed. In previous supercritical studies the reaction is treated as a ‘black box’ and the final product has been used to understand the process. In this study we open up the black box and directly reveal the mechanism behind sol-gel reactions in supercritical CO2. The brilliance of the APS source and the design of the supercritical reaction chambers played a critical role in successfully exploring the key parameters in the formation of high quality nanoparticles in supercritical fluids. By the current set-up the supercritical sol-gel nanoparticle formation can be controlled and altered by changing the process parameters. This means that the particle properties can be tailor-made by fine-tuning the process parameters.
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