Nano Science and Technology Institute
Nanotech 2003 Vol. 3
Nanotech 2003 Vol. 3
Technical Proceedings of the 2003 Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 3
Chapter 11: Fuel Cells

Influence of the Microstructure of the Catalyst Layer on the Performance of the PEMFC Cathode

Authors:E. Fontes, J. Schumacher, N. Vasileiades, O. Parhammar and A. Schmitz
Affilation:COMSOL Inc., US
Pages:478 - 481
Keywords:fuel cells, modeling, agglomerate model, current distribution
Abstract:This paper presents a model of a unit cell of a PEMFC for applications in portable electronic devices. The model introduces the transport resistance exerted by the electrolyte confined in the active layer using a filmed agglomerate model [1,2]. Several publications have used the agglomerate model for description of the microstructure in the active layer but non of these have implemented it in a two-or three-dimensional model of a PEMFC unit cell. The agglomerate model is used to describe the transport resistance between the gas phase and the catalyst particles in the active layer. It assumes that the local current density on the surface of the active layer is given by a Tafel expression and that oxygen has to dissolve in the electrolyte and diffuse to the active sites before a reaction can take place. The fuel cell model couples the electronic potential and ionic potential to the mass balances of water, oxygen and nitrogen, at the cathode. The anode is described by the electronic and ionic potentials in combination with the mass balances for water and hydrogen. The mass and current balances are coupled through the kinetic expression in the active layer, both at the anode and cathode.
Influence of the Microstructure of the Catalyst Layer on the Performance of the PEMFC CathodeView PDF of paper
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