Nano Science and Technology Institute
Nanotech 2002 Vol. 1
Nanotech 2002 Vol. 1
Technical Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems
Chapter 2: Micro and Nano Fluidic Systems

Simulation of Hydrodynamic Dispersion in Gas/Liquid Microreactors

Authors:S. Hardt, F. Doffing and H. Pennemann
Affilation:Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz Gmbh, DE
Pages:54 - 57
Keywords:microreactors, hydrodynamic dispersion, computational fluid dynamics, volume-of-fluid method
Abstract:Dispersion and spreading of concentration signals in gas/liquid microreactors is studied with methods of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). It is shown that conventional reactor designs exhibit a broad residence-time distribution due to convective signal dispersion. This result is supported by experiments monitoring the transport of a liquid plug introduced into the microreactor by a micro-dispenser. A new reactor design is proposed which exhibits a more favorable velocity profile by guiding the liquid stream over alternating platelets. With simulations based on the volume-of-fluid (VOF) method it is shown that a thin, continuous liquid film forms inside the reactor. Subsequently, the transport of concentration fields described by a convection-diffusion equation is studied. It is found that, due to the approximate plug-flow character of fluid motion within this film, concentration signals experience significantly lower dispersion than in the conventional design. The new reactor design will provide the basis of a new class of gas/liquid microreactors to be developed at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz.
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