Authors: C. Jacoboni, A. Bertoni, P. Bordone and N. Giacobbi
Affilation: University of Modena, Italy
Pages: 474 - 477
Keywords: Wigner function, quantum transport, Monte Carlo, mesoscopic systems, tunneling
The Wigner-function approach to quantum transport in mesoscopic electron devices is presented. The concept of Wigner paths allows the formulation of a Monte Carlo simulation which is quantum mechanically rigorous and yet very similar to the one used in semi-classical transport theory. The effect of a potential profile is separated into a term acting as a classical force in the particle orbits and a scattering integral that contains only quantum effects. Phonon scattering is included in the paths in a way that takes automatically into account all quantum effects, such as intracollisional field effect and collisional broadening.