NSTI Nanotech 2009

Technical Analysis of a Dual-Fuel (Hydrogen and Gasoline) Extended Range Electric Vehicle for Component Selection and Design

M. Van Wieringen, R. Pop-Iliev
University of Ontario Institute of Technology, CA

Keywords: hydrogen, zero emissions, extended range electric vehicle, hybrid


Hydrogen is an ideal vehicle fuel for use not only in fuel cells, but also in spark-ignition internal combustion engines. The combustion of Hydrogen fuel offers vastly superior tail-pipe emissions when compared with gasoline and can offer improved performance. Hydrogen is ideally suited for use in an extended range electric vehicle architecture where engine efficiency can be optimized for a single engine speed. Hydrogen ICEs are significantly more cost effective then an equivalent sized hydrogen fuel-cell making them a better near term solution. Dual-fuel capabilities are an integral step between the hybrid vehicles of today and the hydrogen economy of tomorrow offering the refueling flexibility of gasoline and the clean burning characteristics of hydrogen. Detailed technical analysis will be performed to illustrate the fundamental operation of the system. Such analysis is useful in not only illustrating the performance characteristics of the vehicle but is also necessary for component selection and system design.
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