2008 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - Nanotech 2008 - 11th Annual

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TechConnect Summit
Clean Technology 2008

First-principles studies of electrophilic molecules on the carbon nanotubes

S. Park, K-J Kong, H-M So, G-H Buh, J-O. Lee, H. Chang
Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, KR

Keywords:
carbon nanotubes, elecrophilic molecules, first principles

Abstract:
Recently we have reported that some electrophilic molecules, such as 2,4,6-triphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate (2,4,6-TPPT) and 1,3-benzodithiolylium tetrafluoroborate (1,3-BDYT), preferentially interact with metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). It resulted in selective suppression of conductance in metallic carbon nanotubes in favor of single-walled carbon nanotube field effect transistor (SWNT-FET). In this study, we present systematic theoretical studies on the interactions between the SWNTs and the electrophilic molecules, such as 2,4,6-TPPT and 1,3-BDYT, based on density functional theory. We have calculated the optimized structures and the binding energies of these two electophilic molecules on the several SWNTs including both metallic and semiconducting ones with different diameters, such as (5,5), (10,0), (17,0) and (10,10). We have also calculated density of states and charge densities for several model cases. From these calculations, we can explain how the electrophilic molecules interact with CNT depending on its chirality.


Nanotech 2008 Conference Program Abstract