2008 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - Nanotech 2008 - 11th Annual

Partnering Events:

TechConnect Summit
Clean Technology 2008

Biofuels Production and Trade under the U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

A. Lee, B. Sastri and T. Alfstad
U.S. Department of Energy, US

Keywords:
biofuel policy model

Abstract:
The Office of Policy and International Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy completed a study to estimate the worldwide potential to produce biofuels to 2030. This study examined countries’ potential to produce biofuels; the types, quantities, and prices of various biomass feedstocks; and biofuel production technology costs. We updated countries likely to be significant exporters of biofuels to the U.S. under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007). Biofuels studied include grain-based ethanol, sugarcane ethanol, cellulosic ethanol via a biochemical process, cellulosic biofuels via a biomass-to-liquids process, and biomass-based diesel. The resulting data was integrated into the International Energy Agency’s Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model to estimate biofuels production, exports, and imports. We investigated both policy and market scenarios to study the impacts of tariffs, tax credits, carbon taxes, technology costs, feedstock availability, and oil prices.


Nanotech 2008 Conference Program Abstract