2007 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - Nanotech 2007 - 10th Annual

First Principles Studies of Thermoelectric Figure of Merit of SixGe1-x Nanowires

T. Vo, J. Reed, A. Williamson, Y. Meng, M. Chan, G. Ceder and G. Galli
Lawrence Livermore National Lab, US

Keywords:
nanowires, thermoelectric power, figure of merit, electrical conductivity

Abstract:
We present predictions of the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) of SixGe1-x nanowires based on Density Functional Theory calculations and cluster expansion optimizations. The electrical conductivity, and Seebeck coefficient, S, were obtained using the Boltzmann transport equation in the relaxation time approximation, and first principles, electronic structure calculations. The thermal conductivity was computed using classical molecular dynamics runs. A range of SiGe nanowires with different Ge concentrations and Ge distributions were investigated. We found that the transport coefficients, S, and thus ZT strongly depend on the wire growth direction, surface structure, and Ge concentration, and Ge distribution. These parameters were varied to obtain a nanostructure with an optimal, high figure of merit above 2 or 3, depending on the electronic doping.

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