Lake Shore Cryotronics is a leading developer of high performance tools used for the characterization of materials in temperature and magnetic environments. Their diverse product offering includes an advanced line of cryogenic, magnet-based, load-lock, and high vacuum micro-manipulated probe stations used for non-destructive testing of devices on full and partial wafers up to 10.2 cm (4 in) in diameter. Features include temperatures from 1.5 K to 475 K, horizontal or vertical field magnet-based platforms, vacuum to 10-7 torr, load-lock capability, and up to 6 micro-manipulated probe arms. They are ideal for measuring magneto-transport, electrical and electro-optical, parametric, high Z, DC, RF, and microwave (up to 67 GHz) properties of materials. Typical materials that can be measured include nanoscale electronics (including carbon nanotube transistors, single electron transistors, molecular electronics, and nanowires), quantum wires and dots, organic and dilute magnetic semiconductors, superconductors, and spintronics devices.