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Study of Thermodynamic, Electronic and Optical Properties of Quantum-Dots and Quantum Nanostructures: Effects of Interdiffusion

K. Masuda-Jindo, R. Kikuchi and V-V Hung
Tokyo Institute of Technology, JP

Keywords:
quantum-dots, quantum nanostructure, optoelectronic device, Green's function method, path probability method, interface interdiffusion

Abstract:
Recently, there has been a great interest in the self-assembled semiconductor quantum dots and nanocrystals in conjunction with the applications of wet chemical techniques to optoelectronic devices, biological labels, etc.. In the present study, the atomistic, elastic, electronic and optical properties of the nanoscale materials are investigated by using an ab initio molecular dynamics method and temperature dependent lattice Green’s function method. The path probability method in the statistical physics is also used to study the influence of the interface disorder on the electronic properties of the semiconductor nanostructures. It is shown that the interface interdiffusion influences quite significantly the electronic and optical properties of semiconductor heterostructures. The influence of interdiffusion on the excitonic transition energies in semiconductor nanocrystals is demonstrated both for core-shell and quantum-dot-quantum well nanosrystals. The critical layer thickness hc for the generation of misfit dislocations depends significantly on the interface disorder at the semiconductor heterostructures. We also investigate the effects of strain in quantum dots caused by the differences of the lattice constants on both the self-organization mechanisms and the electro-optical properties using the LGF method. The calculation results are compared with those obtained by the continuum elasticity theory.

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