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Keynote Presentations - Nanotech 2005

National Nanotechnology Policy

Richard M. Russell

Associate Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President, US

Richard M. Russell is Associate Director in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President. As Associate Director he serves as OSTP Director Dr. John Marburger’s deputy for technology. Prior to being chosen by the President for his current position, Russell served as OSTP's Chief of Staff. Russell also worked on the Presidential Transition Teams for the Department of Commerce, National Science Foundation and OSTP. From 1995-2001, Mr. Russell worked for the House of Representatives Committee on Science, which has oversight responsibilities for all Federal civilian research and development and authorizing responsibilities for most civilian science programs. He has a background in technology and environmental policy.

Nanotechnology at Motorola Labs

Vida Ilderem

Motorola, US

Vida is Vice President and Director of the Center of Excellence for Embedded Systems and Physical Sciences Research, Motorola Labs and is a 14- year Motorolan. Prior to this position, she served as a Senior Member of the Technical Staff for the DigitalDNA Laboratories within Motorola’s Semiconductor Products Sector now Freescale Semiconductor. Vida received a M.S and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering and physics from California State University, Fresno. Vida has served on external committees and professional organizations. She has over 22 patents and numerous publications. In addition, Vida is a recipient of the Motorola’s Distinguished Innovator Award and is also a member of Motorola’s Science Advisory Board Associates (SABA). She is very highly respected externally and was selected as Engineer of the Year in January 2002 by the Phoenix Section of the IEEE.

Addressing Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy in the 12st Century

Thomas J. Kipps

Professor of Medicine; Head, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Associate Director, UCSD Gene Therapy Program; Director in Immunology, UCSD Cancer Center, US

Dr. Kipps is Head, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Associate Director, UCSD Gene Therapy Program; Director in Immunology, UCSD Cancer Center. Dr. Kipps research focuses on 4 areas: 1) Human B cell physiology with emphasis on B cell antigen presentation, accessory molecules involved in cognate T-cell <-> B-cell interactions, signal transduction, and immunoglobulin gene expression, 2) Human B cell lymphoproliferative diseases with emphasis on pathogenic mechanisms, immunoglobulin gene expression, and innovative forms of immunotherapy, 3) In vitro or in vivo somatic cell transfection or transduction using plasmid DNA or viral expression vectors for gene immunotherapy of neoplastic disease, and 4) structure-function studies of immunoglobulin or accessory molecules involved in signal transduction or cognate cell-cell interactions. Dr. Kipps is deputy director of the UCSD Comprehensive Cancer Center, and also directs the CLL Research Consortium, a multi-institution research program sponsored by the National Cancer Institute to study chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The consortium brings together the nation's top scientists from different disciplines—genetics, cell biology, biochemistry, immunology and pharmacology—to conduct an integrated program of basic and clinical research focused on CLL.

New Nanocrystal Assemblies for Use in Cancer Research

Paul Alivisatos, Ph.D.

University of California Berkeley

Paul Alivisatos went to the University of Chicago, where he received a Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry with Honors in 1981. He attended graduate school at the University of California, Berkeley, where he worked under the supervision of Charles Harris. His Ph.D. thesis concerned the photophysics of electronically excited molecules near metal and semiconductor surfaces. In 1986, he went to AT&T Bell Labs where he worked with Louis Brus as a postdoctoral, and it was at this time that he first became involved in research related to Nanotechnology. In 1988, he joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley, as an Assistant Professor of Chemistry. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1993 and to Professor in 1995. He was appointed Chancellor’s Professor of the University of California, Berkeley for the period 1998-2001.  In addition, effective January 2003 he was appointed Director of the Materials Sciences Division at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

He has received the Presidential Young Investigator Award, an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation fellowship, the ACS Exxon Solid State Chemistry Fellowship, the Coblentz Award, the Wilson Prize at Harvard, Department of Energy Awards for Outstanding Scientific Accomplishment in Materials Chemistry (1994) and for Sustained Outstanding Research in Materials Chemistry (1997), and the Materials Research Society Outstanding Young Investigator Award.  He is a Fellow of both the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the Editor of the American Chemical Society journal, Nano Letters, and serves on the Editorial Advisory Boards of The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics, the Journal of Chemical Physics, and Advanced Materials. He is a senior member of the technical staff at the Lawrence Berkeley National laboratory, where he directs the new national nanofabrication facility, "The Molecular Foundry."  He has served as a member of the Defense Sciences Study Group, and on panels of the Defense Science Board and the National research council, and is currently a member of the Department of Energy Council on Materials Sciences.  His research concerns the structural, thermodynamic, optical, and electrical properties of nanocrystals.

Cell Adhesion & Extracellular Matrix Biology

Erkki Ruoslahti

The Burnham Institute, US

Erkki Ruoslahti earned his M.D. and Ph.D. from the University of Helsinki in Finland in 1967. After postdoctoral training at the California Institute of Technology, he held various academic appointments with the University of Helsinki and the University of Turku in Finland and City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, California. He joined The Burnham Institute in 1979 and served as its President  from 1989-2002. His honors include elected membership to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the European Molecular Biology Organization. He is the recipient of the G.H.A. Clowes Award, Robert J. and Claire Pasarow Foundation Award, Jacobaeus International Prize, The Jubilee Award given by the British Biomedical Society, is an Honorary Doctor of Medicine from the University of Lund, a Nobel Fellow at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, and a Knight of the Order of the White Rose of Finland.

Research Focus
The underlying theme of Dr. Ruoslahti’s work is metastasis, the process of cancer spread to distant sites in the body. Cancer is so lethal because, unlike normal cells, cancer cells can migrate to distant sites where they do not belong and multiply there. The metastatic growths that result are what often makes cancer incurable. Normal cells attach to an insoluble protein scaffold, extracellular matrix, that fills the spaces in between cells. Should they detach, they will promptly die in a suicide-like process. One of the fundamental characteristics of cancer cells is that they can detach and stay alive to eventually metastasize. The chemistry of the cell-extracellular matrix interactions worked out by this laboratory has lead to a major drug development effort. Two drugs that prevent blood clotting by this mechanism are already in the clinic, and others are being developed, including an anti-cancer drug. Current work focuses on the signals that cells receive from attachment.

The vasculature, consisting of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, is the conduit of distant metastasis. Moreover, a tumor needs blood vessels to be able to grow. The Ruoslahti lab discovers and exploits differences that exist between vessels in tumors and normal tissues. They are now able to selectively target drugs to tumor blood vessels in mice and thereby suppress the growth of a tumor. Quite recently, they have found a way to selectively target the lymphatic vessels in tumors. They hope that selectively destroying these blood and lymphatic vessels will curtail metastasis.

The National Nanotechnology Initiative from a Policy Perspective: Where are we and where are we going?

Celia Merzbacher

Agency Representative, National Science and Technology Council, Naval Research Laboratory, US

Dr. Celia Merzbacher has been working at the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President in her position as Agency Representative to the National Science and Technology Council from the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) since May 2003. Within OSTP, she handles matters relating to nanotechnology, intellectual property and technology transfer, and assistive technology (i.e. technology to assist people with disabilities). She is also the OSTP liaison with PCAST with regard to its review of the federal nanotechnology program. Prior to taking her current position, Dr. Merzbacher was on the staff at NRL, first as a research scientist specializing in the development of advanced materials of interest to the Navy and subsequently in the Technology Transfer Officer where she was responsible for intellectual property management and negotiation of license and cooperative research and development agreements.

National, DOD, Navy - Nanotechnology Program Perspectives

James S. Murday

NSET Executive Secretary, National Nanotechnology Initiative, Office of Naval Research, US

Dr. James S. Murday received a Bachelor of Science in Physics from Case Western Reserve in 1964, and a Ph.D. in Solid State Physics from Cornell in 1970.

He joined the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in 1970, led the Surface Chemistry effort from 1975-1987, and has been Superintendent of its Chemistry Division since 1988. From May to August 1997 he served as Acting Director of Research for the Department of Defense, Research and Engineering. He is a member of the American Physical Society, the American Chemical Society and the Materials Research Society; and a fellow of the American Vacuum Society (AVS), and the UK Institute of Physics.

For the AVS, he has served as trustee for 1981-1984, director for 1986-1988, representative to the American Institute of Physics Governing Board 1986-1992, president for 1991-93, and representative to the Federation of Materials Societies 1998-present. His research interest in nanoscience began in 1983 as an Office of Naval Research program officer and continues through the NRL Nanoscience Institute. He has organized numerous International STM/NANO conferences and their proceedings. Under his direction, both the AVS and the International Union for Vacuum Science, Technology and Applications created a Nanometer Science/Technology Division.

He is Executive Secretary to the U.S. National Science and Technology Council's Subcommittee on Nanoscale Science Engineering and Technology (NSET) and Director of the National Nanotechnology Coordinating Office.

Overview of Nanostructured Fluids, Soft Materials, and Self Assembly

Timothy Lodge

Distinguished McKnight University Professor, University of Minnesota, US

Dr. Lodge received his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Wisconsin in 1980, and his B.A. in Applied Mathematics from Harvard College, 1975. He is Editor-in-Chief, Macromolecules, and on the editorial boards of Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, Journal of Chemical Physics, Journal of Polymer Science, International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization. Dr. Lodge is a recipient of the George Taylor Award for Distinguished Research, 1993, the Bush Foundation Fellowship, 1991-92, the Humphrey Institute Policy Forum Fellowship, the EPSRC Visiting Fellowship, University of Leeds, Chair Elect, Vice Chair, Chair, Division of High Polymer Physics, American Physical Society, and is a fellow of the American Physical Society.

Dr. Lodge’s chemistry specialties include analytical chemistry, electron microscopy, materials chemistry, polymers and rheology. His research interests include molecular-level understanding of polymer dynamics — how individual macromolecules diffuse, flow, and relax stress. Of particular interest are experiments designed to test, and discriminate among, contemporary theoretical treatments of polymer liquids. Ultimately, such information will also impact the synthesis, characterization, processing, and end-use of polymeric materials. His research group’s primary approach is experimental, but synthesis, computer simulation, and analytical calculations are also employed when appropriate.

Dr. Lodge is presenting in the special symposium on Nanostructured Fluids, Soft Materials, and Self-Assembly.

Nanotechnology at ChevronTexaco

Waqar Qureshi

General Manager, MolecularDiamond Technologies, ChevronTexaco Technology Ventures, LLC, US

Dr. Waqar Qureshi is responsible for managing MolecularDiamond Technologies (MDT), an internal nanotechnology startup business in ChevronTexaco Technology Ventures (CTTV). MDT is focused on commercializing higher and lower diamondoids extracted from petroleum. Waqar has managed this new venture from early research stage, through extensive patenting, process scale-up, product positioning, business unit formation, and business development.

During the Chevron-Texaco merger, Waqar led the Chevron sub-team designing and planning implementation of the newly created CTTV. Subsequently in 2001 he became a member of CTTV’s Venture Capital group, starting a new energy technology fund and co-managing it and its associated portfolio companies.

Waqar joined ChevronTexaco in 1989, as a research engineer developing hydrocracking catalysts and processes for Chevron refineries. Subsequently, in 1992 he transferred to the Process Planning Group as a Planning Engineer, assessing refinery capital investments, performing competitive analyses, and supporting refinery planning activities.

In 1996 Waqar moved to Chevron Global Lubricants, where he was a key participant in negotiations to form a Technology Licensing Joint Venture. During this time he also led the financial analysis and facilitated the team developing a bid for the purchase of a lubricant business in South America.

Subsequently, in 1997 Waqar joined Technology Marketing (TEMA) where he was responsible for technical proposals for licensing of lubricant base-oil manufacturing technology in Latin America, Europe, Africa, India, and Australia.

In 1998 Waqar transferred to Chevron’s downstream technology company, ERTC, as the Business Planning Manager where he was tasked with developing business and strategic plans encompassing five major technology capability areas and dozens of technology programs. During this time Waqar also demonstrated the value of developing new technology based business opportunities, leading to his appointment in 2000 to the new position of Business Development Manager at ERTC. In this position, he initiated business development activities that eventually led to Chevron’s purchase of PG&E Energy Services and formation of Chevron Energy Services (CES).

Waqar earned a Bachelor of Engineering degree from the University of Sydney, Australia and a Doctoral degree in Chemical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Emerging Technologies and Corporate Investment

Keith R. Larson

Managing Director, Strategic Investments, Intel Capital Intel Corporation, US

Keith Larson manages a team of professionals focused on making minority equity investments on behalf of Intel in the Manufacturing and Digital Health Sector. This includes investments in semiconductor equipment and materials, EDA tools, disruptive memories, biotech, and nanotech areas. Previously at Intel Capital he managed investments and identified strategic acquisition opportunities of networking, broadband, and storage building block-related companies. In addition to several acquisitions, he and his team have invested in many successful companies including Berkeley Networks (acquired by Fore Systems), Elpida (public on Toyko Exchange), Globespan (GSPN), Recourse Technologies, Inc. (acquired by Symantec), Research in Motion (RIMM), Rocketchips (acquired by Xilinx), Telera (acquired by Alcatel), and XLNT Designs (acquired by Intel). Prior to joining Intel in 1996, Keith cofounded a venture capital fund (InterVen II, L.P.) where he was a general partner for over 9 years. Keith’s investments while at InterVen II included Protocol Systems, Inc. (PCOL), Northwest Pipe and Casing (NWPX), and Sports Incorporated (acquired by adidas America). He and Intel Capital were the focus of a Harvard Business School Case Study published in 2000 examining how Intel obtains strategic value from its investments. He is on the Board of Regents of the University of Portland, and was appointed by the Governor to the Oregon Council for Knowledge and Economic Development to advise the Legislature and Governor. He has been an Adjunct Professor at the Oregon Graduate Institute and Portland State University.

INTEL CAPITAL AND INTEL CORPORATIONIntel, the world's largest chip maker, is also a leading manufacturer of computer, networking and communications products. Intel Capital, Intel's strategic investment program, is one of the largest worldwide corporate venture programs investing in the technology segment. Our selection criteria for companies blends strategic focus with financial discipline. Intel Capital focuses on equity investments and acquisitions to grow our computing and communications businesses. We invest in companies to establish industry ecosystems, help fill strategic gaps, gain visibility on emerging trends, and support development of technology in geographies outside North America.

Nanotechnology and Transcending Moore's Law

Steve Jurvetson

Managing Director, Draper Fisher Jurvetson, US

Steve Jurvetson is a Managing Director of Draper Fisher Jurvetson. He was the founding VC investor in Hotmail (MSFT), Interwoven (IWOV), and Kana (KANA). He also led the firm's investments in Tradex and Cyras (acquired by Ariba and Ciena for $8B), and most recently, in pioneering companies in nanotechnology and molecular electronics. Previously, Mr. Jurvetson was an R&D Engineer at Hewlett-Packard, where seven of his communications chip designs were fabricated. His prior technical experience also includes programming, materials science research (TEM atomic imaging of GaAs), and computer design at HP's PC Division, the Center for Materials Research, and Mostek. He has also worked in product marketing at Apple and NeXT Software. As a Consultant with Bain & Company, Mr. Jurvetson developed executive marketing, sales, engineering and business strategies for a wide range of companies in the software, networking and semiconductor industries. At Stanford University, he finished his BSEE in 2.5 years and graduated #1 in his class, as the Henry Ford Scholar. Mr. Jurvetson also holds an MS in Electrical Engineering from Stanford. He received his MBA from the Stanford Business School, where he was an Arjay Miller Scholar. Mr. Jurvetson also serves on the Merrill Lynch  and STVP Advisory Boards and is Co-Chair of the NanoBusiness Alliance. He was honored as "The Valley's Sharpest VC" on the cover of Business 2.0 and chosen by the SF Chronicle and SF Examiner as one of "the ten people expected to have the greatest impact on the Bay Area in the early part of the 21st Century." He was profiled in the New York Times Magazine and featured on the cover of Worth and Fortune Magazines. Steve was chosen by Forbes as one of "Tech's Best Venture Investors", by the VC Journal as one of the "Ten Most Influential VCs", and by Fortune as part of their "Brain Trust of Top Ten Minds."  He was also honored with the "Advocate of the Year Award" by Small Times and chosen as one of "Nanotech's Power Elite" by the Forbes/Wolfe Nanotech Report. In 2005, Steve was honored as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum and a Distinguished Alumnus by St. Mark's. Steve has written several columns on nanotech and other developing technologies.

National Nanotechnology Coordination Office

Clayton Teague

Director, federal National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO), US

Clayton Teague is Director of the federal National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO) since April 2003. Established in 2001, the NNCO is the secretariat to the Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Subcommittee of the NSTC. As such, the NNCO provides day-to-day technical and administrative support to the NSET Subcommittee and assists in the preparation of multi-agency planning, budget and assessment documents. The NNCO is the point of contact on federal Nanotechnology activities for government organizations, academia, industry, professional societies, foreign organizations, and others to exchange technical and programmatic information. In addition, the NNCO develops and makes available printed and other materials as directed by the NSET Subcommittee as well as maintains the NNI Web site.

Dr. Teague was previously Chief of the Manufacturing Metrology Division in the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

At NIST since 1972, Dr. Teague has designed, constructed, and used precision instrumentation for ultra-high accuracy dimensional metrology of surfaces and micrometer to nanometer-scale features. Beginning with his metal-vacuum-metal tunneling work in the 1970’s, he continued to work with such precision instrumentation as scanning tunneling microscopes, atomic force microscopes, displacement and phase-measuring interferometry, stylus instruments, flexure stages, and light scattering apparatus. Because the laboratory and building environments were always factors in the ultimate performance of these instruments, the subject of this workshop has been an ongoing topic of great interest.

Dr. Teague is a member of the American Society for Precision Engineering, has served twice as the Society’s President, and is a fellow of the UK Institute of Physics. He served as Editor-in-Chief of the international journal Nanotechnology for ten years and is currently a member of the Editorial Board of the journal. He holds a B.S. and M.S. in physics from the Georgia Institute of Technology and a PhD in physics from the University of North Texas. He has authored or coauthored 70 papers, has presented 50 invited talks in the technical fields described, and jointly with colleagues, has six patents. Dr. Teague has received the Gold Medal, Silver Medal, and Allen V. Astin Measurement Science Award from the Department of Commerce, the Kilby International Award by the Kilby Awards Foundation, and an IR-100 Industrial Research and Development Award for his work.

Electronics and Optoelectronics with Single Carbon Nanotubes

Phaedon Avouris

IBM Fellow and Manager, Nanometer Scale Science and Technology, US

Phaedon Avouris is an IBM Fellow and manager of Nanometer Scale Science and Technology at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York. He is also Adjunct Professor at Columbia University in New York City. He received his B.S. degree from the Aristotelian University in Greece, and his Ph.D. degree in Physical Chemistry from Michigan State University in 1994. After postdoctoral work at UCLA and AT&T Bell Laboratories, he joined the Research Division of IBM in 1978.

Over the years, his research has involved a wide variety of subjects ranging from laser studies of fast phenomena, surface physics and chemistry, scanning tunneling microscopy and atom manipulation. His current research is focused on experimental and theoretical studies of the electrical properties and transport mechanisms of carbon nanotubes, molecules and other nanostructures. The work includes the design, fabrication and study of model carbon nanotube and molecular electronic devices and circuits.

Dr. Avouris has published over 300 scientific papers. He has been elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Physical Society, the IBM Academy of Technology, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Vacuum Society and the New York Academy of Sciences. He is also member of the IEEE, the ACS and MRS. He received the Irving Langmuir Prize of the American Physical Society, the Medard W. Welch Award of the American Vacuum Society, the Feynman Prize for Molecular Nanotechnology, the ACSIN Nanoscience Prize, the Raper Award of IEEE, the Distinguished Alumnus Award from Michigan State University, and a number of IBM Corporation "Outstanding Technical Achievement" awards. He is co-editor of the Springer-Verlag book series on Nanoscience and is currently serving on the Advisory Editorial Boards of Nano Letters, Nanotechnology, Intl. Journal of Nanoscience, Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Surface Review and Letters, and the Journal of Electron Spectroscopy.

Bio-Nano-Informatics Fusion

Chih-Ming Ho

University of California, Los Angeles Associate Vice Chancellor for Research, US

Dr. Chih-Ming Ho currently serves as UCLA Associate Vice Chancellor for Research and holds the Ben Rich-Lockheed Martin Chair Professor in School of Engineering. He is the Director of Institute for Cell Mimetic Space Exploration (CMISE) and a member of the Executive Committee of California NanoSystem Institute (CNSI). He graduated from Mechanical Engineering Department of the National Taiwan University. After receiving his Ph.D. from The Johns Hopkins University, Dr. Ho started his career at the University of Southern California and rose to the rank of Full Professor. In 1991, he moved to the University of California, Los Angeles to lead the establishment of the micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) field in UCLA and served as the founding Director of the Center for Micro Systems. To this day, the UCLA MEMS research has been recognized as one of the best in the world. He is an internationally renowned scientist in micro/nano fluidics, bio-nano technology and turbulence. In 1997, Dr. Ho was inducted as a member of the National Academy of Engineering. In the next year, he was elected as an Academician of Academia Sinica, which honors scholars of Chinese origin with exceptional achievements in liberal arts and the sciences. He has published 220 papers and holds seven patents, and has presented over 70 keynote talks in international conferences. He was elected Fellow of the American Physical Society as well as American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics for his contributions in a wide spectrum of technical areas.

In addition to his academic accomplishments, he has made extensive contributions to the professional societies around the world. He has chaired the Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) in American Physical Society, which is the leading platform in the United States for scientists interested in fundamental fluid dynamics. He is on the advisory board for AIAA Journal. He is a member of the IEEE/ASME JMEMS coordinating Committee. He was an Associate Editor of the ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering and an Associate Editor of the AIAA Journal. He also has served as a Guest Editor for Annual Review of Fluid Dynamics.

On the international level, he has served on advisory panels to provide assistance to many countries and regions, France, China, Israel, Taiwan, and Japan, on the development of nano/micro technologies. Dr. Ho also has chaired or served on numerous organizing committees of international conferences on high technology topics.

A History of MOS Transistor Compact Modeling

Chih-Tang Sah

Graduate Research Professor and Pittman Eminent Scholar Chair, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Florida, US

Chih-Tang Sah is a Graduate Research Professor and the Pittman Eminent Scholar Chair in Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Chief Scientist of College of Engineering at the University of Florida in Gainesville since 1988. From 1962 to 1988, he was a Professor of Physics and Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign. During 1959 to 1964, he was the head of physics at Fairchild Semiconductor Research and Development Laboratories where he built up and directed a 65-person team to develop the first generation silicon integrated circuit manufacturing technology which included interconnect and contact conductors, diffusion, oxidation, epitaxial growth for production and growth defects, ion-drift-instability in oxide, MOS transistor models (later used by SPICE 1 and 2, and the 'exact' long-channel theory whose compact model is being developed today and presented by their developers at this conference), CMOS circuits, and solutions of other silicon bipolar and MOS integrated circuit manufacturing technology problems.

Dr. Sah worked for Shockley during 1956 to 1959 and wrote the 1957-article on electron-hole recombination in forward-biased silicon p/n junction with Robert Noyce and Shockley, and the 1959-article on oxide masking against phosphorus diffusion which gave the oxide-growth and phosphorus-glass reaction kinetics that served as the process-design database for silicon planar oxide-masked monolithic integrated circuits invented by Hoerni and Noyce at Fairchild.

Professor Sah has supervised 50 PhD theses in Physics and Electrical Engineering, given 150 invited talks in China, Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, Canada, USA, and Europe, and written 250 journal articles, all on semiconductor materials and device physics and technology.

Dr. Sah was elected an Academician of the US National Academy of Engineering, the Academia Sinica in Taipei, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing. He was appointed an Honorary Professor by the Peking and Tsinghua Universities in Beijing and given an honorary doctorate by the Universiteit de Leuven, Belgium, and the National Chao-Tung University in Hsinchu,Taiwan. He was recognized with the University Research Award by the Semiconductor Industry Association in 1998, the first achievement award in high technology by the Asian-American Manufacturing Association, San Jose, California, in 1984, and the Outstanding Lifetime Achievement Award by the Chinese Institute of Engineers/USA in 2003. He is a Life Fellow of the American Physical Society and IEEE, and was listed as one of the world's 1000 most-cited scientists during 1966-1978 in a survey made by the Institute of Scientific Information, Philadelphia.

Dr. Sah is presenting in the Workshop on Compact Modeling, WCM 2005.

 
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