Non-Resonant Micromachined Gyroscopes with Structural Mode-Decoupling
C. Acar, A.M. Shkel
University of California, Irvine, US
Keywords: Inertial MEMS, micromachined gyroscopes, rate sensors, disturbance rejection, decoupled modes.
This paper reports a novel 4 degrees-of-freedom (DOF) non-resonant micromachined gyroscope design concept that addresses two major MEMS gyroscope design challenges: eliminating the mode-matching requirement, and minimizing instability and drift due to mechanical coupling between the drive and sense modes. The proposed approach is based on utilizing dynamical amplification both in the 2-DOF drive-direction oscillator and the 2-DOF
sense-direction oscillator, which are mechanically decoupled, to achieve large oscillation amplitudes without resonance. The overall 4-DOF dynamical system is composed of three proof masses, where second and third masses form the 2-DOF sense-direction oscillator, and the first mass and the combination of the second and third masses form the 2-DOF drive-direction oscillator. The frequency responses of the drive and sense direction oscillators
have two resonant peaks and a flat region between the peaks. The device is nominally operated in the flat regions of the drive and sense direction oscillators response curves, where the gain is
less sensitive to frequency fluctuations. This is achieved by designing the drive and sense anti-resonance frequencies to match. Consequently, by utilizing dynamical amplification in the decoupled 2-DOF oscillators, increased bandwidth and reduced
sensitivity to structural and thermal parameter fluctuations and damping changes are achieved, leading to improved robustness and long-term stability over the operating time of the device.
NSTI Nanotech 2003 Conference Technical Program Abstract