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Theory of a Single Spin Detection with STM

A.V. Balatsky and I. Martin
Los Alamos National Laboratory, US

Keywords: STM, single spin, Larmor precession, tunneling

Abstract:
We propose a mechanism for detection of a single spin center on a non-magnetic substrate. In the detection scheme, the STM tunnel current is correlated with the spin orientation. In the presence of magnetic field, the spin precesses and the tunnel current is modulated at the Larmor frequency. The mechanism relies on the effective spin-orbit interaction between the injected unpolarized STM current and the local spin center, which leads to the nodal structure of the spatial signal profile. Based on the proposed mechanism, the strongest spin-related signal can be expected for the systems with large spin-orbit coupling and low carrier concentration.

NSTI Nanotech 2003 Conference Technical Program Abstract

 
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